One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago, The United States of America saw the beginning of its greatest threat to its existence as a unified country … the People vs. the People.
What name did you call it in your area of the
- the Civil War
- the War Against Northern Aggression
- the War of the Rebellion
- the War Between the States
- the Second American Revolution
- the War Between Brothers
- the Late Unpleasantness
- the War of Attempted Secession (Walt Whitman)
- the War Against the States (Conf Gen’l Joseph Johnston)
- or something else?
The American Civil War was both bloody and costly – it was fought in 10,000 places, from
New Mexico and Tennessee to Vermont and . More than 3 million Americans fought in it, and over 600,000 men, (2 percent of the population) died in it. Florida
The State of
South Carolina led the way by seceding from the Union on December 20, 1860 and six more States rapidly followed. They had been outraged over Abraham Lincoln’s election to the presidency, the taxation of cotton exports, fugitive slave laws and the issue of slavery in the Territories, plus the government’s failure to withdraw from the Federal fort in Their right to secede was hotly debated and the Congress’ right to declare and make war on any State was legally disputed. Charleston, SC.
After the bombardment of
Fort Sumter in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina on April 12, 1861, and Lincoln's subsequent call for troops to put down the rebellion, more States seceded forming the Confederate States of - united under the cause of States’ Rights. America
What began as a bitter dispute over Union and States' Rights was not to end until four long, hard years later in April 1865 as a struggle over the meaning of freedom in
. Finally, slaves were free men and the America Union was preserved.
The best quote I found, by far, was this one by Paul on his site:
“Our wounds have yet to fully heal, and they will not fully heal until we all come to terms with who we are. Our heritage; where we came from, who we are, and what we seek to become. We are all Sons of the South. Where do we go from here?”
What Was the Role of Women in the Civil War?
|1862 Harpers Weekly Newsletter|
The above photo captures images of some of the important contributions of women during the War, including nursing, writing letters for the wounded, sewing quilts and clothing, and washing clothes and linens.
What is not pictured are women as spies (such as Rose O’Neal Greenhow, a dedicated secessionist and Sarah E. Thompson, provider of Union intelligence) and a depiction of the more than 600 women that disguised themselves as men in order to fight in the war.
More information about the women of the Civil War - biographies and stories about how they lived, what they did to survive and how they fought for women's rights - can be found on this wonderful blog: http://www.civilwarwomenblog.com/
For quilters today, we can strongly relate to the needs for quilts and comfort in our own country and around the world. And isn’t it ironic that we are again (or is that still?) watching the rising costs of cotton.
|Harper’s Weekly Sep 6, 1862|
Blocks posted to date have included Catch Me If You Can, North Star, Seven Sisters, Texas Tears and Log Cabin among others. The stories have been fascinating.
The second recommendation is for the “Best Pattern Books to Purchase”.
I suggest two books by Kathleen Tracy of Country Lane Quilts. Her blog is called Sentimental Quilter.
In this wonderful book, Kathleen tells of the role that women and quilting played at the time of the Civil War. It has 16 projects, historical photos and excerpts from letters to and from soldiers.
Another fascinating look back at the Civil War era. This time as seen through the eyes of a young woman and her diary entries about daily life on a farm in
in 1861. Both large and doll-size quilt patterns were designed by Kathleen (as inspired by the diary entries). Illinois
A beautiful Civil War era quilt is in the American History Collection of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC. It has a fascinating history with its personalization and embedded symbols. What a remarkable contribution women have always made through quilting!
1863 Susannah Pullen’s Civil War Quilt
In 1940 Eugene Teter donated to the Museum this patriotic quilt made by his great-grandmother in 1861 for his grandfather, a Union soldier from
. Mary Rockhold Teter based her pieced and appliquéd quilt on a design published in the July 1861 issue of Peterson's Magazine , a popular women's periodical published in Indiana . She personalized it by quilting the name of her son, George Teter, and the names of Generals Scott and Taylor under whom he served. Also found in the quilting are "Abe "and "Ab Lyncoln," "Genral Lyon," the word "Cat" and the year "1861." There are thirty-four stars appliquéd in the center diamond and the same number appliquéd in the border. They represent the number of states in the Philadelphia Union from July 4, 1861 until July 4, 1863, the Civil War years.
Additional Sources for more information:
- The Civil War Homepage - one of the largest and most comprehensive collections of Civil War related material available on the Internet; http://www.civil-war.net/
- The Public Broadcasting Company (PBS) sponsor of Ken Burns documentary “The Civil War”; http://www.pbs.org/civilwar/film/